Torah as a Marriage Contract at Shavuot
Shavuot, the Torah, & the Arabbon of the Ruach
by Tim Hegg
In Exodus 19:1 we read: “In the third month after the sons of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on this very day they came into the wilderness of Sinai.” What is curious about the wording of this verse is the phrase “on this very day,” which seeks to mark a specific day, yet without describing exactly which day is being referenced. Since the only other calendar reference in the verse is “in the third month,” the ancient commentaries of the rabbis consistently interpreted the meaning of this phrase to be that Israel came to the wilderness of Sinai on Rosh Chodesh Sivan, or the first day of the third month. If this interpretation is correct, then the Torah was given to Moses upon the mountain on the sixth day of the third month, that is, on the Festival day of Shavuot.
Hegg then goes on to show that the giving of the Ruach as the arrabon (Eph 1:13–14, “pledge”) fits perfectly with the imagery of betrothal, and thus of the very giving of the Torah on the same festival (Shavuot) upon which the Ruach was poured out upon the believers in Yeshua in order to empower them to begin the harvest of nations.
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