The hardening of Pharaoh’s heart has always been a difficult matter. First, and perhaps primarily, it appears out of character for God to harden a person’s heart in advance of giving the message. Moreover, this seems patently unfair. If God hardens the heart before giving the message, it is sure that the message will not be received. In short, this makes the whole matter of Divine revelation a kind of “sick, cosmic game” where an arbitrary God plays upon the weak inabilities of mankind to satisfy his own hunger for power.